By Kelsie O'Leary
Figure 1 - Apis mellifera or Western Honey Bee 
The experiment was undertaken in three parts, the first involving the relocation of several natural and artificial hives of bees to an unfamiliar environment. They then observed the bee’s behaviour when searching for food sources and found that bees that would search for new food sources were typically ‘nest scouts’, which are bees that would usually find a new and more suitable location for a hive . This shows that there is something atypical about the scout bees that make them preform these jobs, while other members of the hive don’t.
Figure 2 - 
Then the collect scout bees genetic material was compared to non-scout bees, who never visited different food source. This showed a an almost 16% difference between scout and non-scout bee’s mRNA, with many of these differences in the expression of genes related to catecholamine, glutamate and y-aminobutyric acid signalling . These chemicals can all been related back to the novelty seeking behaviour that is evident in the ‘scout’ bees.
The third part of the experiment took these findings further and tested the effects of these chemicals on non-scouting bees to determine their effects. The results showed that glutamate ‘caused a significant increase in scouting’  and a dopamine blocker caused a significant decrease in scouting’. These outcomes illustrated their expected results and proving that these chemicals have everything to do with the ‘novelty seeking’ personality in these bees.
So bees have personality. Who knew? These results are expected to shed light on behavioural genetics and help us understand where personality developed in the evolutionary map. It maybe, but unlikely, that humans and bees personality developed personality from a common ancestor; but more likely that it was developed side by side as time went on .
 Liang, Nguyen, Mattila, Rodriguez-Zas, Seeley & Robinson; 2012; ‘Molecular Determinants of Scouting Behavior in Honey Bees’; Science, vol 335, no. 6073, released on 9th March 2012, <http://www.sciencemag.org/content/335/6073/1225.full>
 ScienceDaily; 2012; Insects Have 'Personalities' Too, Research On Novelty-Seeking Honey Bees Indicates; viewed 18th March 2012, < http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/03/120308143201.htm>
 Healthwise Staff; 2010; Health Library: An extensive resource for information on illnesses, conditions, drugs, medical tests, and more., Catecholamines; Viewed on 18th March 2012;
 Psychology Today; PSYCH BASICS: Dopamine; viewed 18th March 2012; <http://www.psychologytoday.com/basics/dopamine>
 N. Danbolt; Glutamate as a Neurotransmitter - An overview; viewed 18th March 2012; <http://www.neurotransporter.org/glutamate.html>
 SM Vereshtchagin; 1961; The effect of γ-aminobutyric acid and β-alanine on bioelectrical activity of nerve ganglia of the pine moth caterpillar (Dendrolimus pini); Viewed 18th March 2012; <http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166223607001336>
 LP Aiello, European Honey Bee on Stoncrop Flowers; http://wildernessportraits.photoshelter.com/image/I0000lOB4S_eqPno
 Liang, Nguyen, Mattila, Rodriguez-Zas, Seeley & Robinson; 2012; ‘Fig. 1’; Science, vol 335, no. 6073, released on 9th March 2012, <http://www.sciencemag.org/content/335/6073/1225.full>