Wednesday, 14 March 2012

Helping young children with advance in genetics

Communication disorder is a wide range of disorder, developing from a young age to adulthood with symptoms such as hearing loss, speech and language problems, like stuttering. In the last decade, scientists and researchers have tried to find the cause of the problems. Back then, before the “Decade of the Brain”, a campaign made in 1990 by George W. Bush so that it can “enhance public awareness of the benefits to be derived from brain research”, though genes were related, it wasn’t as important as it is now. Scientists and researchers then were confounded as they couldn’t find a reason as to why this particular disorder occurred, especially and mainly in young children. They knew that some disorders such as deafness was heritable, but the ideas of genes were so small, so irrelevant and so alien that they didn’t link it until a decade later.
A few years into the investigation, it was found that because of some genetic mutation, this may have contributed and caused communication disorder to become susceptible to young children. A further study has also shown that these genes were highly heritable and so this is the reason why there are so many young children of pre-school age who have communication disorder. Recently FOXP2, a gene that was found to be the origin of communication disorder – through the genetic mutation, it can cause difficulties in facial movements which can create problems in speech fluency, also found in young children (D. F. Newbury, S. E. Fisher, A. P. Monaco, 2010).
Genetic mutation can also cause delayed language development which are responsible for dyslexia and in some cases, autism. Another discovery of another gene has made it promising to identify the genetic mutations responsible for stuttering, making this disorder a medical condition, allowing scientists to explore and one day, to hopefully find a cure. By having more discoveries like this can give hope and possibly be a crucial key in helping young children who are trapped in this disorder.
Reference List Dianne F Newbury*, S. E. (2010, January 26). Recent advances in the genetics of language impairment. Retrieved March 13, 2012, from Genome Medicine: http://cf5pm8sz2l.search.serialssolutions.com/OpenURL_local?sid=Entrez:PubMed&id=pmid:20193051 James Battey, J. (2010, December -). The Dana Foundation. Retrieved March 13, 2012, from Advances in Genetics and Devices Are Helping People with Communication Disorders: http://www.dana.org/news/features/detail_rop.aspx?id=33740 mdmedicine. (2011, May 26). Communication Disorders. Retrieved March 13, 2012, from Medical Education for Undergraduate MD Students: http://mdmedicine.wordpress.com/2011/05/26/communication-disorders/ Monaco, D. N. (2010, October 20). Genetic Advances in the Study of Speech and Language Disorders. Retrieved March 13, 2012, from SciVerse: http://www.sciencedirect.com.ezproxy.library.uq.edu.au/science/article/pii/S0896627310008251 News, A. (2011, May 17). Appalachian’s Communication Disorders Clinic helps children find their voice. Retrieved March 13, 2012, from Appalachian University: http://www.news.appstate.edu/2011/03/17/communication-disorders-clinic-3/ Wikipedia. (2010, April 05). Decade of the Brain. Retrieved March 13, 2012, from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decade_of_the_Brain Article Link

1 comment:

  1. i want Advances in Genetics and Devices Are Helping People with Communication Disorders topic send my mail krishnakth8@gmail.com

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